Rikugien Garden (六義園 Rikugien) is a Tokyo metropolitan park in Bunkyō-ku. The name Rikugi comes from the idea of the six elements in waka poetry (en means garden or park).
Strolling garden, as well as a mountain and pond-style garden, Rikugi was created based on the theme of Waka poetry in the 15th year of the Genroku Period (1702) by the shogun, Tokugawa Tsunayoshi’s trusted confidante Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu.
This garden is a typical example of the famous gardens of Edo Period. In the Meiji Period, this garden became a second residence of the founder of Mitsubishi, Iwasaki Yataro. Later, in the 13th year of Showa (1938), the Iwasaki family donated this garden to the City of Tokyo, and in Showa 28 (1953) it was designated as a special site of exceptional beauty and an important cultural asset.
The name “Rikugien” refers to a system for dividing Chinese poetry into six categories. This system also influenced the division of Japanese Waka poetry as well. Although the number six is usually read “roku,” in the case of the garden’s name, it is pronounced “riku” in keeping with the Chinese pronunciation of the word.
|• Open Date||October 16, 1938|
|• Number of Trees||High Tree : 6,020
Low Tree : 28,700
|• Main Plant||Pine(Pinus), maple(Acer palmatum), zelkova(Zelkova serrata), cornus controversa(Cornus controversas), cinnamomum javanicum(Cinnamomum camphota), castanopsis cuspidate(Castanopsis sieboldii), azalea(Rhododendron, Rhododendron indicum), cherry tree(Prunus), chimonanthus praecox(Chimonanthus praecox), Japanese apricot(Prunus mume), camellia(Camellia japonica), weeping cherry(Prunus pendula f. pendula), idesia polycarpa maxim(Idesia polycarpa), evergreen magnolia(Magnolia grandiflora), hagi(Lespedeza), sasanqua(Camellia sasanqua), Japanese beauty-berry(Callicarpa japonica)|
|• Facilities||Hours: Open from 9:00 to 17:00 (Entry until 16:30)
Closed: Year-end holidays (December 29 to January 1)
Entrance fee: ¥300 (65 and over: ¥150)
(No charge for primary school children or younger, and junior high school students living or attending school in Tokyo)
*20% discount for groups of 20 and more
Shin sentei: All rooms: Maximum 25 persons (Charge: ¥4,800)
Matsu-no-ma, Tsutsuji-no-ma: Maximum 17 persons (Charge: ¥3,600)
Momiji-no-ma: Maximum 8 persons (Charge: ¥1,200)
Gishun-tei: Tea ceremony rooms: Maximum 5 persons (Charge: ¥7,400)